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Understanding IT Management Roles

Understanding IT Management Roles

Businesses and organizations of all kinds rely increasingly on computer systems to carry out all aspects of their operations. Different levels of management have grown up around the implementation and use of information technology (IT) systems, to lead the teams that design, implement, maintain, and secure these systems.

This article provides an overview of a few major types of IT management, describing their common purposes and day-to-day functions.

Enterprise Information Systems Management

Large, complex organizations are inevitably going to have large, complex amounts of data. The systems designed to allow access to this data in an organized fashion are known as enterprise information systems (EIS). An EIS controls internal and external access to corporate data.

A well-executed EIS management strategy needs to take into account database design, security, and networking needs. On top of that, EIS management must also be planned within the context of business organizations and how they operate, ensuring that the EIS solutions implemented work well for the entire group and advance business progress.

IT Project Management

IT project management marries technological expertise with project management skills. Within this area of IT management, the implementation of a new network or the development of a new software program is led from development to conclusion.

IT project management establishes and monitors budgets, people, and resources, maintaining contact with the project sponsors to ensure that the work being undertaken stays relevant to the sponsors’ needs. This area of IT management is different from EIS management in that it focuses on completing individual projects, while EIS looks at the long-term, foundational strategy for a company’s IT needs.

Database Management

Database management and administration is the area of IT that oversees the storage of and access to digital information within an organization. Database management goes hand-in-hand with EIS management to help assess an organization’s data storage needs and choose appropriate solutions. Database management strategies can also play a major role in protecting the security of company data.

Database management also includes administrators who oversee the day-to-day maintenance of company databases established by database management. Database administration manages the migration of data from outdated systems onto a new system, ensures that current systems are regularly and properly updated, and controls access to the system.

Network Management

While database management oversees the storage of the company’s data, network management oversees the connections between users. Network management works under EIS management to design and install computer and telecommunications networks, so the services provided by network management extend to telephones as well as to computer systems.

Network administration carries out the daily upkeep of the systems laid out by network management.

IT Security Management

While security of systems is certainly a major concern for all levels of IT management, some organizations will establish a stand-alone IT security department to oversee the implementation of solutions that defend the system from attacks and data loss due to user error. These solutions may be off-the-shelf or developed in-house.

IT security management aims to keep the company safe from malicious activity while mitigating the impact of internal errors. With data privacy legislation now affecting industries from health care to financial services, IT security also helps companies create audit trails and stay in compliance with the law.

This article is presented by SelectITSchools.com. Find out more about career-focused training options in IT at colleges and universities around the country and online today.

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